Woodwick Burn is one of the largest in Orkney.
The present building of Woodwick Mill was built in 1873 to harness the natural power of Woodwick Burn to grind corn into flour. It had a fourteen-foot diameter waterwheel - the largest we have heard of in Orkney. Unfortunately the waterwheel had gone and the building and its environs had been ravaged by use as a barn and then as a fish farm before the property fell into disuse. For us, the main attraction of the Mill was its dam and the possibility to create hydro-electric power. As a bonus we have also been able to use the burn as a heat source for the heat pump.
In renovating (or recycling) the Mill we have used the existing building making use of original timbers wherever possible. The gable wall nearest the burn was leaning 8cm away from the rest of the building leaving large cracks at the corners. We installed eight tie-rods and slowly pulled the wall back. A large steel beam which supported a mid-height hay loft in the Kiln building was raised to the ridge and used to carry a new slate roof.
Although the main roof of the building was in a poor state with many holes, the Sheafy wing had been roofed with corrugated fibre-cement cladding. We were able to replace this with natural Welsh slate and incorporated solar panels to provide hot water.
We have aimed to minimise the visual impact of the project by avoiding external fire escapes, by restoring the old mill dam with natural materials and by removing all external concrete works remaining from previous uses of the property.
In the design of the hydro scheme we had the dam repaired using reclaimed flagstones from Robert Dickey's landfill site at Kingsdale. Many of the flagstones had seen previous duty in paving the streets of Kirkwall - some of the yellow lining can still be seen. We installed a life ring as the dam is now a good place to see fish jumping or an otter swimming, grey wagtails or swallows flitting past. There are good views of the surrounding countryside. We also installed a fish ladder to help trout reach upstream spawning grounds.
In building the turbine we used recycled materials such as a Ford Transit half-shaft with a second-hand motor for the generator. The body and propellor are of fibre-glass.
The building is highly insulated to maximise energy efficiency. Dishwashers, Ovens, Fridges and Freezers have Energy Rating 'A' and Washer/driers have Energy Rating 'B'. We have replaced halogen lights with the more efficient LED type.
We are committed recyclers - separate bins are provided for paper, cardboard, plastic bottles, tins and glass.
Woodwick Mill has a Hydroclear treatment plant, accredited to BS EN 12566-3 with treatment efficiencies: Biological Oxygen Demand - 96.6%, Suspended solids - 94.7%, Ammonia - 85.8%,
E-cloths are used for cleaning glass - these cloths save water and work without chemicals or soap. We use eco-friendly products for cleaning surfaces.
We have planted a local species, Balfour willows, as well as gooseberry, fuchsia and other bushes in order to provide screening and habitat. We planted a herbacious border at the front of the mill providing colour throughout the year and mint and other herbs for use by our guests. A large area of grassland below the dam is left uncut to encourage wild flowers and also to provide cover for birds. Elizabeth is a keen bird watcher and member of the RSPB.
Within the grounds there is an old byre with kiln attached. Derek Manson has repaired a large section of the kiln with reclaimed stone pointed with lime mortar. Here are before and after photos. J Bews & Sons are now converting the byre to accommodation.
Please look at our Responsible Visitor Charter for having a green stay at Woodwick Mill.
If you are interested in traditional music there is an open session at The Reel in Kirkwall on a Saturday night. Micky is a member of traditional Orkney folk group Hullion, playing mandolin and banjo. Elizabeth plays piano and sings in the rock choir.